What is Ecgonine?
Molecular Formula: C9H15NO3
Ecgonine is an amoebic actinic and tropane alkaloid begin by itself in coca leaves. It is has a abutting structural affiliation to cocaine: it is both a metabolite and a precursor, and as such, it is a controlled substance, as are all accepted substances which can be used as precursors to ecgonine itself. Structurally, ecgonine is a cycloheptane acquired with a nitrogen bridge. It is acquired by hydrolysis of cocaine with acids or alkalis, and crystallizes with one atom of water, the crystals melting at 198-199oC. It is levorotary, and on abating with alkalis gives iso-ecgonine, which is dextrorotary. It is a tertiary base, and has the backdrop of an acid and an alcohol. It is the carboxylic acid agnate to tropine, for it yields the aforementioned articles on oxidation, and by analysis with phosphorus pentachloride is adapted into anhydroecgonine, C9H13NO2, which, if acrimonious to 280oC with hydrochloric acid, eliminates carbon dioxide and yields tropidine, C8H13N.